Python is a high-level, interpreted, general-purpose programming language, created on December 3, 1989, by Guido van Rossum, with a design philosophy entitled, “There’s only one way to do it, and that’s why it works.”
Guido van Rossum named Python after the British comedy group Monty Python.
Python has been used in a wide variety of domains including web development, data science, and scientific computing. In addition to its widespread usage, the language has also garnered critical acclaim with developers commending its comprehensibility and readability.
In this tutorial, we will explore the basics of the Python programming language. We will start by discussing some of the key features of the language before delving into some hands-on exercises.
1. Clear and concise syntax :
Python has a very clear and concise syntax, which makes it easy to read and write code.
2. Object-oriented programming :
Python is an object-oriented language, which means that you can create objects and classes in Python. Classes allow you to group related functions and variables together, which makes your code more organized and easier to understand.
3. Data structures and algorithms :
Python comes with a variety of data structures, including lists, tuples, sets, dictionaries, and strings. It also includes a number of algorithms for manipulating these data structures. This makes it easy to write complex programs without having to write your own algorithms.
4. Extensive standard library :
Python comes with a large standard library that includes modules for working with dates and times, file I/O, networking, threading, and more. This means that you don’t have to write code to perform common tasks, such as reading or writing files, or networking.
5. Cross-platform compatibility :
Python is a cross-platform language, which means that you can write Python code on one platform and run it on another platform without having to make any changes. Python is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux, as well as a number of other platforms.